Eth306W Essay

By | September 28, 2017

ETH306W

Inclusive Education B

Question 1:

1. A scholar who rubs his eyes overly. shuts or covers his eyes. experiences a hearing

job

2. Learners enduring from albinism should sit in a darker topographic point in the schoolroom. off from the Windowss – correct!

3. The type of oculus status & A ; the sum of residuary vision would non find the

aid given to a scholar in category

Question 2:

1. Deafness is decidedly non familial – it is caused by e. g. scholars holding forced unusual

objects in their ears. which damaged the ear membranophone

2. Learners enduring from centripetal nervous hearing loss will be wholly unable to hear in noisy

milieus

3. A scholar who can non understand the instructor if the teacher’s caput is turned off or the

teacher’s lips are covered. suffer from a ocular damage as he or she can non lip read what the instructor says

Question 3:

1. Harmonizing to the DSMIV Manual. a scholar with an IQ mark of 50/55 to about 70. is regarded as mildly intellectually handicapped

2. Learners who experience rational barriers are inclined non to be dying & A ; stressed up.

as for most of the clip. they live in their ain universe & A ; they are non witting of what happens around them

3. It is a useless attempt by the instructor to seek & amp ; excite the scholar who is intellectually impaired. to get the better of jobs with short-run memory

# # # Question 4: here its right but in the marking sheet I’ve got 1 & A ; its marked incorrect! !

1. Paraplegia is an ability to travel & A ; an absence of esthesis in the lower limbs

2. Cerebral paralysis is caused by an underdevelopment of or damage to certain parts of the encephalon concerned with motion

3. It is non by and large accepted today that non all physically handicapped scholars needfully require

particular schools

Question 5:

1. In order to sort an epileptic ictus. it is non necessary to place which portion of the encephalon is effected – it is more of import to help the scholar

2. Petit mal is the type of ictus where the scholar does non lose consciousness – he or she can hear the instructor & A ; equals who are environing him. speaking

3. Teachers must forestall scholars from falling. if they detect the warning marks of a possible

Seizure

Question 6:

1. If the civilization of a instructor & A ; a scholar differ. it will non be hard to understand the scholar

understand one another

2. Teachers’ communicating with scholars with a linguistic communication barrier should happen merely in the signifier of

instructions e. g. “ put away your books”

3. The instructor must take the restrictions of the learner’s linguistic communication barrier
into history

Question 7:

1. The term “learning difficulties” implies the jobs which scholars experience with respect to their academic topics

2. Learning troubles are caused by emotional jobs merely

3. Ocular or hearing barriers do non impact on scholars sing larning troubles

Question 8:

1. Pringle maintains that unmet emotional demands like the demand to be loved. demand for security. for duty. new experiences & A ; the demand to be praised & amp ; recognized. trip behaviour jobs

2. Regression takes topographic point when a scholar is seeking to copy an grownup function theoretical account. while placing

with the function theoretical account

3. Ignoring is non a really effectual scheme & A ; is easy to implement

Question 9:

1. Spoken linguistic communication barriers manifest when the scholar uses long sentences with complicated

content

2. If scholars speak a type of babe talk. the parent must be involved

3. The frequent usage of images. theoretical accounts. jaunts & A ; activities. will confound the scholar

Question 10:

1. A counselor should non possess the undermentioned congenital qualities” a rational attack. sense of temper as it can move as a hinderance to the professional relationship with a scholar

2. The guidance contract is one manner of acquiring scholars to make certain things within a certain clip span

3. Assessment should concentrate on the whole scholar. non merely on his or her rational abilities

1-30: 3. 2. 1. 4. 2. 4. 1. 2. 4. 4. 2. 4. 1. 3. 2. 4. 3. 3. 4. 2. 1. 2. 3. 3. 2. 4. 4. 3. 4. 2

P. S. The replies in ruddy are right. & A ; the replies in blue were my errors… .

Last year’s ( 2009 ) ASSIGNMENT 01

1 The followers are features of Down’s syndrome:

( 1 ) weak short term memory. good at retrieving the sequence of a procedure. finds it hard to reassign cognition to a new state of affairs

( 2 ) understands the actual significance of words. weak long term memory. finds it hard to reassign cognition to a new state of affairs

( 3 ) good short term memory. limited abstract thought. apprehension of verbal or written instructions is seemingly better as the existent accomplishment

( 4 ) limited abstract thought. finds it hard to retrieve the sequence of a procedure. does non understand the actual significance of words

2 The … of the human oculus is the ground why worlds can see in full coloring material.

( 1 ) sunspot

( 2 ) retina

( 3 ) flag

( 4 ) lens

3 … is a really infective oculus disease.

( 1 ) Trachoma

( 2 ) Cataracts

( 3 ) Glaucoma

( 4 ) Conjunctivitis

4 The sense of touch is besides known as … sense.

( 1 ) remainder

( 2 ) kinaesthetic

( 3 ) physical

( 4 ) tactile

5 Learners with … would prefer to sit at the dorsum of the category.

( 1 ) albinism

( 2 ) hypermetropia

( 3 ) nearsightedness

( 4 ) astigmia

6 … has a separate grammar which is non based on spoken or written linguistic communication.

( 1 ) One-handed alphabet

( 2 ) Two-handed alphabet

( 3 ) Sign language

( 4 ) Sign linguistic communication

7 If a individual suffers from … . he or she tends to take down the voice & A ; to talk really quietly.

( 1 ) conductive hearing loss

( 2 ) tinnitus

( 3 ) partly hearing loss

( 4 ) sensoneural hearing loss

8 Down’s syndrome is the consequence of an oddness in the … chromosone.

( 1 ) eigteenth

( 2 ) 20 foremost

( 3 ) thirteenth

( 4 ) 1. 2. & A ; 3

9 Choose the INORRECT statement about HIV/AIDS:

( 1 ) HIV is the human immunodefiency virus.

( 2 ) Children can get HIV pre-natally.

( 3 ) AIDS can non be transmitted through daily societal contact.

( 4 ) AIDS is non the concluding stage of the HIV infection.

10 Learners with … jobs find it hard to interrupt words into syllables or to set them together once more.

( 1 ) auditory perceptual experience

( 2 ) spacial perceptual experience

( 3 ) ocular perceptual experience

( 4 ) visual-motor perceptual experience

11 Muscular stiffness is a characteristic of …

( 1 ) athetosis.

( 2 ) spasticity.

( 3 ) diplegia.

( 4 ) unilateral paralysis.

12 Choose the CORRECT statement:

( 1 ) The physiological categorization is based on a person’s development.

( 2 ) Persons enduring from spastic unilateral paralysis can non travel their lower limbs.

( 3 ) Cerebral paralysis can non be regarded as a neurological status.

( 4 ) Spasticity is caused by harm of the portion of the encephalon which controls

motion.

13 Athetosis is caused by harm to the …

( 1 ) basal ganglia.

( 2 ) motor cerebral mantle.

( 3 ) vertebal column.

( 4 ) cerebellum.

14 Children topic to sudden enchantments of aggresiveness. hooliganism or bad pique. may endure from …

( 1 ) shudder.

( 2 ) riotous behavior.

( 3 ) disguised epilepsy.

( 4 ) neurological disfunction.

15 There is no direct relationship between intelligence & A ; …

( 1 ) distractibility.

( 2 ) the grade of intellectual paralysis.

( 3 ) the handling of abstract constructs.

( 4 ) cogency.

16 … can assist to learn physical impaired kids mundane accomplishments such as how to manage a knife & A ; a fork & A ; how to dress.

( 1 ) Physical therapists ( 2 ) Neurologists

( 3 ) Orthopaedic sawboness ( 4 ) Occupational healers

17 The followers are known as intrinsic barriers to acquisition:

( 1 ) intellectual paralysis. epilepsy. TB. poorness

( 2 ) spina bifida. the function of the community. linguistic communication issues. autism

( 3 ) deformed limbs. spina bifida. interpersonal relationships. epilepsy

( 4 ) interpersonal relationships. amputation. spina bifida. the function of the parents

18 The term “learning problems” do …

( 1 ) non mention to jobs which are chiefly the consequence of ocular. hearing
of motor damages. or rational damages or as a consequence of emotional. environmental. cultural or economic fortunes.

( 2 ) non mention to jobs related to the psychological procedures involved in understanding & A ; utilizing of linguistic communication – both spoken & A ; written.

( 3 ) non mention an imperfect ability to listen. believe. speak. read. compose. enchantment or to make mathematical computations.

( 4 ) non mention to scholars who have jobs in geting the necessary accomplishments which are necessary to do a success at school.

19 The followers are marks of possible auditory jobs. A scholar …

( 1 ) speaks excessively rapidly or excessively easy ; is frequently inattentive ; refuses to take part in ball games ; confuses letters of similar form.

( 2 ) avoids unwritten activities ; is prone to fleetly altering tempers ; relies to a great extent on gestures ; speaks excessively quietly or excessively aloud.

( 3 ) turns his or her caput to listen ; moves his or her caput when looking at images ; refuses to take part in ball games ; speaks excessively aloud or excessively quietly.

( 4 ) speaks monotonously ; avoids unwritten activities ; is frequently inattentive ; finds it hard to tie in with friends.

20 A … is an illustration is specific maps which could be affected by epilepsy. These maps are controlled by a little portion of the encephalon.

( 1 ) bodily ictus

( 2 ) focal motor ictus

( 3 ) generalised ictus

( 4 ) unclassified ictus

21 … is a generalized ictus without paroxysms.

( 1 ) Petit mal

( 2 ) Grand mal

( 3 ) Partial ictus

( 4 ) Myoclonic ictus

22 Examples of partial ictuss are …

( 1 ) postural ictuss. psychomotor ictuss. tonic-clonic ictuss. adversive ictuss.

( 2 ) Jackson seizures. versive ictuss. ictuss with voice. focal motor ictuss.

( 3 ) psychomotor ictuss. versive ictuss. adversive ictuss. myoclonic ictuss.

( 4 ) ictuss with voice. postural ictuss. Jackson seizures. tonic-clonic ictuss.

23 The followers are misdirecting phenomena which could be confused with epilepsy:

( 1 ) megrim. childhood tantrums. hooliganism. craze

( 2 ) giddiness. fainting. craze. depression

( 3 ) fainting. bad pique. megrim. hooliganism

( 4 ) craze. narcolepsy. cataplexy. megrim

24 Choose the INCORRECT statement about epilepsy:

( 1 ) Child with epilepsy should populate normal healthy lives.

( 2 ) Epileptic ictuss could increase if there are affectional perturbations.

( 3 ) Child with epilepsy sometimes manifest aberrant inclinations which they can command.

( 4 ) In the instance of a partial ictus a kid does non lose consciousness wholly.

25 A kid who can separate between assorted sounds. but can non set the sounds

together to organize a word. may hold a … job.

( 1 ) perceptual-visual

( 2 ) auditory perceptual experience

( 3 ) spacial perceptual experience

( 4 ) perceptual-motor

26 Choose the INCORRECT statement about perceptual-motor accomplishments:

( 1 ) Cooperation between manus & A ; oculus is called visual-motor coordination.

( 2 ) Lateralization is a construct which must develop in scholars themselves.

( 3 ) Direction certainty helps scholars to cognize precisely where in infinite objects around them are in infinite.

( 4 ) The usage of smaller musculuss is a gross motor accomplishment.

27 … is an advanced signifier of receptive linguistic communication.

( 1 ) Written linguistic communication

( 2 ) Inner linguistic communication

( 3 ) Address

( 4 ) Reading

28 Learners with … do non execute at school to an extent which is in maintaining with their potency.

( 1 ) physical disablements

( 2 ) auditory receptive jobs

( 3 ) acquisition troubles

( 4 ) rational disablements

29 Choose the INCORRECT statement about larning troubles:

( 1 ) Malnutrition & A ; underfeeding can do learning troubles.

( 2 ) The unequal scholastic public presentation of intellectually handicapped scholars is consistent with their mental abilities.

( 3 ) Ill wellness can disable scholars to the extent that they find it impossible to larn adequately.

( 4 ) Learners who find it hard to larn are normally incognizant of their inability to execute adequately.

30 Learners should be encouraged to read on their ain enterprise. because this is the most of import agencies of spread outing their general cognition. … & A ; …

( 1 ) to forestall negative attitudes & A ; to better their script.

( 2 ) their bid of linguistic communication & A ; their vocabulary.

( 3 ) bettering attitudes to reading & As ; their association between letters & A ; sounds.

( 4 ) their cognition of spelling regulations & A ; to better reading jobs.

ASSIGNMENT 1 Answers: 3. 2. 1. 2. 3. 3. 1. 1. 2. 3

Question 1:

1. A scholar who rubs his eyes overly. shuts or covers his eyes. experiences a hearing

job

2. Learners enduring from albinism should sit in a darker topographic point in the schoolroom. off from the Windowss

3. The type of oculus status & A ; the sum of residuary vision would non find the

aid given to a scholar in category

Question 2:

1. Deafness is decidedly non familial – it is caused by e. g. scholars holding forced unusual

objects in their ears. which damaged the ear membranophone

2. Learners enduring from centripetal nervous hearing loss will be wholly unable to hear in noisy

milieus

3. A scholar who can non understand the instructor if the teacher’s caput is turned off or the

teacher’s lips are covered. suffer from a ocular damage as he or she can non lip read what

the instructor says

Question 3:

1. Harmonizing to the DSMIV Manual. a scholar with an IQ mark of 50/55 to about 70. is regarded

as mildly intellectually handicapped

2. Learners who experience rational barriers are inclined non to be dying & A ; stressed up.

as for most of the clip. they live in their ain universe & A ; they are non witting of what happens

around them

3. It is a useless attempt by the instructor to seek & amp ; excite the scholar who is intellectually

impaired. to get the better of jobs with short-run memory

Question 4:

1. Paraplegia is an ability to travel & A ; an absence of esthesis in the lower limbs

2. Cerebral paralysis is caused by an underdevelopment of or damage to certain parts of the encephalon

concerned with motion

3. It is non by and large accepted today that non all physically handicapped scholars needfully require

particular schools

Question 5:

1. In order to sort an epileptic ictus. it is non necessary to place which portion of the encephalon is

effected – it is more of import to help the scholar

2. Petit mal is the type of ictus where the scholar does non lose consciousness – he or she can

hear the instructor & A ; equals who are environing him. speaking

Question 6:

1. If the civilization of a instructor & A ; a scholar differ. it will non be hard to understand the scholar

understand one another

2. Teachers’ communicating with scholars with a linguistic communication barrier should happen merely in the signifier of

instructions e. g. “ put away your books”

3. The instructor must take the restrictions of the learner’s linguistic communication barrier into history

Question 7:

1. The term “learning difficulties” implies the jobs which scholars experience with respect to

their academic topics

2. Learning troubles are caused by emotional jobs merely

3. Ocular or hearing barriers do non impact on scholars sing larning troubles

Question 8:

1. Pringle maintains that unmet emotional demands like the demand to be loved. demand for security. for duty. new experiences & A ; the demand to be praised & amp ; recognized. trip behaviour jobs

2. Regression takes topographic point when a scholar is seeking to copy an grownup function theoretical account. while placing with the function theoretical account

3. Ignoring is non a really effectual scheme & A ; is easy to implement

Question 9:

1. Spoken linguistic communication barriers manifest when the scholar uses long sentences with complicated content

2. If scholars speak a type of babe talk. the parent must be involved

3. The frequent usage of images. theoretical accounts. jaunts & A ; activities. will confound the scholar

Question 10:

1. A counselor should non possess the undermentioned congenital qualities” a rational attack. sense of temper as it can move as a hinderance to the professional relationship with a scholar

2. The guidance contract is one manner of acquiring scholars to make certain things within a certain clip span

3. Assessment should concentrate on the whole scholar. non merely on his or her rational abilities

1-30: 3. 2. 1. 4. 2. 4. 1. 2. 4. 4. 2. 4. 1. 3. 2. 4. 3. 3. 4. 2. 1. 2. 3. 3. 2. 4. 4. 3. 4. 2

Last year’s ( 2009 ) ASSIGNMENT 01

1 The followers are features of Down’s syndrome:

( 1 ) weak short term memory. good at retrieving the sequence of a procedure. finds it hard to reassign cognition to a new state of affairs

( 2 ) understands the actual significance of words. weak long term memory. finds it hard to reassign cognition to a new state of affairs

( 3 ) good short term memory. limited abstract thought. apprehension of verbal or written instructions is seemingly better as the existent accomplishment

( 4 ) limited abstract thought. finds it hard to retrieve the sequence of a procedure. does non understand the actual significance of words

2 The … of the human oculus is the ground why worlds can see in full coloring material.

( 1 ) sunspot

( 2 ) retina

( 3 ) flag

( 4 ) lens

3 … is a really infective oculus disease.

( 1 ) Trachoma

( 2 ) Cataracts

( 3 ) Glaucoma

( 4 ) Conjunctivitis

4 The sense of touch is besides known as … sense.

( 1 ) remainder

( 2 ) kinaesthetic

( 3 ) physical

( 4 ) tactile

5 Learners with … would prefer to sit at the dorsum of the category.

( 1 ) albinism

( 2 ) hypermetropia

( 3 ) nearsightedness

( 4 ) astigmia

6 … has a separate grammar which is non based on spoken or written linguistic communication.

( 1 ) One-handed alphabet

( 2 ) Two-handed alphabet

( 3 ) Sign language

( 4 ) Sign linguistic communication

7 If a individual suffers from … . he or she tends to take down the voice & A ; to talk
really quietly.

( 1 ) conductive hearing loss

( 2 ) tinnitus

( 3 ) partly hearing loss

( 4 ) sensoneural hearing loss

8 Down’s syndrome is the consequence of an oddness in the … chromosone.

( 1 ) eigteenth

( 2 ) 20 foremost

( 3 ) thirteenth

( 4 ) 1. 2. & A ; 3

9 Choose the INORRECT statement about HIV/AIDS:

( 1 ) HIV is the human immunodefiency virus.

( 2 ) Children can get HIV pre-natally.

( 3 ) AIDS can non be transmitted through daily societal contact.

( 4 ) AIDS is non the concluding stage of the HIV infection.

10 Learners with … jobs find it hard to interrupt words into syllables or to set them together once more.

( 1 ) auditory perceptual experience

( 2 ) spacial perceptual experience

( 3 ) ocular perceptual experience

( 4 ) visual-motor perceptual experience

11 Muscular stiffness is a characteristic of …

( 1 ) athetosis.

( 2 ) spasticity.

( 3 ) diplegia.

( 4 ) unilateral paralysis.

12 Choose the CORRECT statement:

( 1 ) The physiological categorization is based on a person’s development.

( 2 ) Persons enduring from spastic unilateral paralysis can non travel their lower limbs.

( 3 ) Cerebral paralysis can non be regarded as a neurological status.

( 4 ) Spasticity is caused by harm of the portion of the encephalon which controls

motion.

13 Athetosis is caused by harm to the …

( 1 ) basal ganglia.

( 2 ) motor cerebral mantle.

( 3 ) vertebal column.

( 4 ) cerebellum.

14 Children topic to sudden enchantments of aggresiveness. hooliganism or bad pique. may endure from …

( 1 ) shudder.

( 2 ) riotous behavior.

( 3 ) disguised epilepsy.

( 4 ) neurological disfunction.

15 There is no direct relationship between intelligence & A ; …

( 1 ) distractibility.

( 2 ) the grade of intellectual paralysis.

( 3 ) the handling of abstract constructs.

( 4 ) cogency.

16 … can assist to learn physical impaired kids mundane accomplishments such as how to manage a knife & A ; a fork & A ; how to dress.

( 1 ) Physical therapists ( 2 ) Neurologists

( 3 ) Orthopaedic sawboness ( 4 ) Occupational healers

17 The followers are known as intrinsic barriers to acquisition:

( 1 ) intellectual paralysis. epilepsy. TB. poorness

( 2 ) spina bifida. the function of the community. linguistic communication issues. autism

( 3 ) deformed limbs. spina bifida. interpersonal relationships. epilepsy

( 4 ) interpersonal relationships. amputation. spina bifida. the function of the parents

18 The term “learning problems” do …

( 1 ) non mention to jobs which are chiefly the consequence of ocular. hearing of motor damages. or rational damages or as a consequence of emotional. environmental. cultural or economic fortunes.

( 2 ) non mention to jobs related to the psychological procedures involved in understanding & A ; utilizing of linguistic communication – both spoken & A ; written.

( 3 ) non mention an imperfect ability to listen. believe. speak. read. compose. enchantment or to make mathematical computations.

( 4 ) non mention to scholars who have jobs in geting the necessary accomplishments which are necessary to do a success at school.

19 The followers are marks of possible auditory jobs. A scholar …

( 1 ) speaks excessively rapidly or excessively easy ; is frequently inattentive ; refuses to take part in ball games ; confuses letters of similar form.

( 2 ) avoids unwritten activities ; is prone to fleetly altering tempers ; relies to a great extent on gestures ; speaks excessively quietly or excessively aloud.

( 3 ) turns his or her caput to listen ; moves his or her caput when looking at images ; refuses to take part in ball games ; speaks excessively aloud or excessively quietly.

( 4 ) speaks monotonously ; avoids unwritten activities ; is frequently inattentive ; finds it hard to tie in with friends.

20 A … is an illustration is specific maps which could be affected by epilepsy. These maps are controlled by a little portion of the encephalon.

( 1 ) bodily ictus

( 2 ) focal motor ictus

( 3 ) generalised ictus

( 4 ) unclassified ictus

21 … is a generalized ictus without paroxysms.

( 1 ) Petit mal

( 2 ) Grand mal

( 3 ) Partial ictus

( 4 ) Myoclonic ictus

22 Examples of partial ictuss are …

( 1 ) postural ictuss. psychomotor ictuss. tonic-clonic ictuss. adversive ictuss.

( 2 ) Jackson seizures. versive ictuss. ictuss with voice. focal motor ictuss.

( 3 ) psychomotor ictuss. versive ictuss. adversive ictuss. myoclonic ictuss.

( 4 ) ictuss with voice. postural ictuss. Jackson seizures. tonic-clonic ictuss.

23 The followers are misdirecting phenomena which could be confused with epilepsy:

( 1 ) megrim. childhood tantrums. hooliganism. craze

( 2 ) giddiness. fainting. craze. depression

( 3 ) fainting. bad pique. megrim. hooliganism

( 4 ) craze. narcolepsy. cataplexy. megrim

24 Choose the INCORRECT statement about epilepsy:

( 1 ) Child with epilepsy should populate normal healthy lives.

( 2 ) Epileptic ictuss could increase if there are affectional perturbations.

( 3 ) Child with epilepsy sometimes manifest aberrant inclinations which they can command.

( 4 ) In the instance of a partial ictus a kid does non lose consciousness wholly.

25 A kid who can separate between assorted sounds. but can non set the sounds

together to organize a word. may hold a … job.

( 1 ) perceptual-visual

( 2 ) auditory perceptual experience

( 3 ) spacial perceptual experience

( 4 ) perceptual-motor

26 Choose the INCORRECT statement about perceptual-motor accomplishments:

( 1 ) Cooperation between manus & A ; oculus is called visual-motor coordination.

( 2 ) Lateralization is a construct which must develop in scholars themselves.

( 3 ) Direction certainty helps scholars to cognize precisely where in infinite objects around them are in infinite.

( 4 ) The usage of smaller musculuss is a gross motor accomplishment.

27 … is an advanced signifier of receptive linguistic communication.

( 1 ) Written linguistic communication

( 2 ) Inner linguistic communication

( 3 ) Address

( 4 ) Reading

28 Learners with … do non execute at school to an extent which is in maintaining with their potency.

( 1 ) physical disablements

( 2 ) auditory receptive jobs

( 3 ) acquisition troubles

( 4 ) rational disablements

29 Choose the INCORRECT statement about larning troubles:

( 1 ) Malnutrition & A ; underfeeding can do learning troubles.

( 2 ) The unequal scholastic public presentation of intellectually handicapped scholars is consistent with their mental abilities.

( 3 ) Ill wellness can disable scholars to the extent that they find it impossible to larn adequately.

( 4 ) Learners who find it hard to larn are normally incognizant of their inability to execute adequately.

30 Learners should be encouraged to read on their ain enterprise. because this is the most of import agencies of spread outing their general cognition. … & A ; …

( 1 ) to forestall negative attitudes & A ; to better their script.

( 2 ) their bid of linguistic communication & A ; their vocabulary.

( 3 ) bettering attitudes to reading & As ; their association between letters & A ; sounds.

( 4 ) their cognition of spelling regulations & A ; to better reading jobs.

TRUE & A ; FALSE

F1 Epilepsy is a discharge of normal electric activity in the encephalon.

T2 Researchers such as Turnbull believe that the male parent is more adversely
affected by a boy who experiences a physical and/or physiological damage. than he is affected by a girl sing such an damage.

F 3 The petition to halt favoritism is merely relevant to the Constitution & A ; non to the White Paper 6.

F 4 Harmonizing to the new Education White Paper 6 that was published in 2001. it is planned to change over about 400 out of the 20 000 primary schools in the South African mainstream instruction to full-service schools.

F 5 The method of inquiring inquiries used whilst placing barriers experienced by a scholar. is in no manner different from inquiring inquiries when holding an ordinary treatment.

T6 The learner’s personal features do impact on his or her motive.

T 7 Ignoring is a really effectual scheme that can be used for scholars with behavioral jobs. but it is hard to utilize it in the schoolroom.

T 8 Pringle maintains that apart from the parent the instructors in whose presence the learner spends many hours of the twenty-four hours are among the most of import function participants within the life-world of the scholar.

F 9 Factors during birth such as an O lack & A ; the usage of instruments & A ; the Rh factor can non do hearing loss.

T 10 A counsellor should possess congenital qualities such as unity. honestness. earnestness & A ; a resonance with scholars.

F 11 The followers are known as intrinsic barriers to acquisition: intellectual paralysis. epilepsy. TB. poorness. the function of the community. linguistic communication issues. autism.

F 12 The undermentioned statements about epilepsy are right:

Children with epilepsy should populate normal healthy lives ; epileptic ictuss do non increase if there are affectional perturbations ; kids with epilepsy sometimes manifest aberrant inclinations which they can command.

F 13 Learners with nearsightedness would prefer to sit at the dorsum of the category.

T14 Sign linguistic communication has a separate grammar which is non based on spoken or written linguistic communication.

T 15 In really noisy milieus individuals enduring from conductive hearing loss characteristically hear even better than normal people.

F 16 The stigma attached to scholars sing a physical or physiological damage is worse in the rural country. as everybody knows everybody.

UNMET EMOTIONAL NEEDS

( Pringle’s theoretical account and other writers )

The demand for love

The demand for security including economic security

The demand to belong

The demand for new experiences

The demand to be free of intense feelings of guilt

The demand to be free of feelings of anxiousness

The demand to be praised and accepted

The demand for a positive ego construct

The demand to gain one’s potency

The demand to portion and the demand for ego regard

The undermentioned instance survey can be regarded as an illustration of an exam inquiry – The Williams household:

The Williams household consists of a female parent. male parent & A ; three kids. Julian & A ; Leonora & A ; an adopted kid. Loschni. Loschni turns her caput when Mrs Williams speak to her & A ; the instructor complains that rather frequently in category. Loschni requests her to reiterate a inquiry if she has asked her something. She has besides picked up that she needs to be confronting Loschni when she is speaking to her. She besides needs to talk easy & amp ; articulate her words good. The instructor thinks that Loschni needs professional aid. She doesn’t rather cognize what is incorrect with her.

Julian is 8 old ages old & A ; he rubs his eyes in category exessively. which causes the eyes to be ruddy & A ; watery. He can non maintain up with the other scholars in category when they are copying larning content from the overhead projector. He has hurt himself many clip during interruption when the other scholars are running by him to acquire out to the resort area & A ; he stepped excessively high when he was traveling downstairs. His school public presentation is non up to standard & amp ; the instructor suspects that he is traveling to neglect at the terminal of the twelvemonth. She has called the parents to school to come & amp ; see her. She suspects that he has a hearing job – but: the parents are inquiring the instructor. what truly caused this… . She doesn’t rather cognize how to reply them & A ; referred them to a psychologist. who is on contract at the school & A ; who sees all the scholars who need aid.

Mr. Williams is really disquieted. He feels that the they pay the school fees on a regular basis & amp ; because of this. he feels the school should render aid. to help Julian to realize his full potency. The instructor explained to mr. Williams during the interview with the parents. that she is non trained to cover with scholars with hearing jobs. Mr. Williams insists that harmonizing to the White Paper on Education. the instructor must be able all scholars He maintains that the instructor is incapable & A ; asks stupid inquiries which does non associate to the job. To coronate it all. the instructor did non even listen to what he has told her & A ; he had to reply the same inquiries more than one time. She is still immature & amp ; inexperienced & A ; she does non cognize what it is like to hold a kid who experiences a barrier to larning & A ; who is combating at school. She merely kept on reiterating precisely what he has answered her – she is blowing his clip!

Leonora is 14 old ages old. She is rebellious & A ; wants to make things “her way” . At parents’ eventides. the instructors complained about the fact that she is brash in category. ever contending with the other scholars. is a lone wolf & A ; doesn’t want to blend with the other scholars except for cleaving to one male child. is moving aggressive & A ; portraying an attitude of “couldn’t care a dam” .

Answer the undermentioned inquiries: ( 1-22 ) – see following “announcement” to follow. Dr. F. H. Weeks

1. What barrier is Loschni sing?

2. What are the characteristics/manifestations of this barrier?

3. What are the causative factors ( extrinsic & A ; intrinsic ) of this barrier?

4. How will you help a scholar with this sort of barrier?

5. What barrier is Julian sing?

6. What are the manifestations of this barrier?

7. What are the causative factors of this barrier?

8. How will you assit a scholar with this barrier? – indicate what stairss of the aid procedure you will follow & A ; precisely how will you travel about each measure of the aid procedure.

9. What questioning techniques will you be able to implement when speaking to the parents?

10. What sort of interview will this be?

11. What jobs do you place sing the manner that the instructor has conducted the interview. by looking at Mister Williams’ responses? 12. How can these jobs be rectified?

13. What patterns of parental attitudes can you place? Where does mr. Williams suit in?

14. How would you see mr. Williams ‘ attitude?

15. How would you react to his accusal that the instructor is still immature & amp ; inexperienced & A ; she does non cognize what it is like to hold a chuild with a barrier?

16. What barrier is Leonora sing? How do you cognize it? ( what manifestations? ) .

17. If you analyze her behavior. what job countries can you place?

18. What unmet emotional demands that Pringle has identified does Leonora experience?

19. How would the instructor trade with Leonora in category?

20. How would the instructor steer the parents on understanding Leonora’s behavior?

21. Which other function participants who are portion of the networking system in the community. could the instructor have consulted or referred the parent to for farther professional aid?

22. In what manner can this professional individual specifically assist the parents & A ; the scholar? – function. maps etc …

What barrier is Loschni sing?

Auditory Barrier – poc Bi dancpf swib hifs hspwss scurfvv

What are the characteristics/manifestations of this barrier?

Conductive hearing loss

Prevents sound moving ridges from being conveyed through the conductive channels

Occurs when the conductive channels are affected

Learner can follow a conversation. if it is loud plenty

Manifistations: Loschini turns her caput towards the instructor when the instructor speacs to her. She request that the instructor repeats a inquiry – this can connote that she is unable to hear teacher’s address in the noisy category milieus or that she struggles to distinguish between the little differences between address & A ; the environing noise. the instructor needs to confront her when she speaks to her. She needs to talk easy & amp ; articulate her words good. therefore non loud but clear. this could bespeak that the scholar is seeking to lip-read. The scholar appears to be innattentive & A ; can non understand the instructor if the instructors head is turned off.

What are the causative factors ( extrinsic & A ; intrinsic ) of this barrier?

Intrinsic causes such as:

– redness of the in-between ear

blockage/hardening of wax

Causitive factors: It is a intrinsic causitive factor – sensorineurol hearing loss- that is non as a consequence of external factors such as hurt but due to impairment of the parts of the ear that perceives frequencies- the auditory cells of the organ or Corti/ audile nervus cells. The sound waves reach the internal ear but non the encephalon. It normally affect the parts that perceive high frequences foremost. Thus the scholar can still hear address. given that it is slow & A ; good pronounced. They do hold problem understanding address because many words will sound the same to them & A ; therefore the demand to reiterate inquiries.

How will you help a scholar with this sort of barrier?

Loschni must sit in forepart of the category

I will ever do certain that I am confronting Loschni when talking to her

I will talk clearly & amp ; articulate my words right

I will utilize ocular signals to derive Loschni’s attending

I will re-phrase inquiries to do it more apprehensible for Loschni

I will inquire inquiries to look into that Loschni have an apprehension of orally presented content

When we watching a film/slides. I will guarantee that there is a light reflecting on my face when talking to the scholars

What barrier is Julian sing?

Ocular barriers to larning = sccrraantgm

What are the manifestations of this barrier?

Refraction mistakes cush as nearsightedness ( short eyesight ) ; hypermetropia ( presbyopia ) ; & A ; Astigmatism

Cataracts

Squinting

Nystagmus

Albinism

Trachoma

Conjunctivitis

Glaucoma

Macular devolution

Retinitis Pigmentosa

Manifistations ; Rubs eyes exessively. eyes are ruddy & A ; watery. battles to copy work from the overhead projector into his his book. bumps into other scholars on the resort area. stairss excessively high traveling downstairs.

What are the causative factors of this barrier?

Intrinsic such as physical & A ; physiological.

Causitive factors ; refraction mistakes. Depending on where the scholar sit in the schoolroom one of two refraction mistakes could be the cause. Myopi-nearsightedness that causes him to see better shut up. therefore if the scholar sits at the dorsum of the category he wont see the content on the overhead projector in the forepart of the category. Hyperopia-farsightedness that causes the scholar to see better at a distance & A ; if the scholar sits near to the overhead projector he will fight to concentrate on the content. This can besides proof debatable when the scholar is expected to copy work into a workbook that forces him to concentrate on shut up work. Nastacmus could besides be a concealed cause as the to-and-fro motions of the eyes are more terrible during consentration on near vision activities. Internet Explorer. composing in a workbook. As the scholar is non confronting the instructor during this activity this ocular barrier can travel undetected.

How will you help a scholar with this barrier? – indicate what stairss of the aid procedure you will follow & A ; precisely how will you travel about each measure of the aid procedure.

I will take the undermentioned stairss: ?

? Sharpen other senses ( touch. gustatory sensation hearing. odor ) & A ; strengthen any residuary vision

?? Solid base of concrete experienc ( associate object to word ) in order to understand linguistic communication

? Physical motion exercisings for sound/motor developmnt ; release of repressed emotions ; right position.

? Laterality good establishd for sound orientation & A ; mobility. localising objects. associating to organic structure parts

? Support to help socio-emotionl development-encourage synergistic playing. hike self assurance. high spot + points

? Sit in front back of category depending. take unsafe obstructions. attractiv big print books. amplifying glass. tape recordings. dark illuming for albinism

??repeat whats written on board

Situation analysis where I collect all the information about the scholars state of affairs such as: personality ; place fortunes ; school records & A ; relationships with friends & A ; instructors

I‘ill create an result of the aid procedure. in other words – what do I desire the scholar to accomplish

I’ll select the acquisition content in such a manner that it gives the scholar the best opportunity of accomplishing the expected result

I’ll decide on the relevant aid scheme. such as: does the scholar map better separately or on his ain?

I’ll guarantee that the instruction AIDSs I use will be relevant & A ; good suited to the scholars degree of involvement such as: In Julian’s instance I will utilize colorful AIDSs

I’ll make usage of parental engagement so that the parents can understand the job & A ; assist Julian at place

I’ll congratulations Julian for even the slightest betterment to assist construct his assurance

I’ll observe & A ; continuously assess Julian’s advancement to set up if the desired result has been achieved. If non. I will alter the aid scheme & A ; go on with the aid procedure until the coveted result has been achieved.

What questioning techniques will you be able to implement when speaking to the parents?

A professional & A ; friendly attitude

Do non hotfoot the interview/meeting

You must listen to the parents. & A ; do certain you hear right what they say

Discuss the acquisition countries where the scholar experience troubles

Give parents advice on how they can help their kid at place

Be careful non to fault the parents for their child’s jobs

Underscore the partnership which exist between the school & A ; the parents

With a positive attitude. you can win the parents assurance & A ; their cooperation with assisting the scholar with extra undertakings at place.

Interview techniques are disussed on page 401 of survey usher: frames of mentions ; types of inquiry ( strutured & amp ; unstructered ; fact-finding inquiries ) contemplation ( rephrasing ) .

What sort of interview will this be?

A particular meeting arranged to discourse scholars larning jobs.

From my reading of the survey guide I think this type of an interview would be an explorative interview – we portion common involvement ( to assist the scholar ) . two manner communiation. etc page 309

What jobs do you place sing the manner that the instructor has conducted the interview. by looking at Mister Williams’ responses?

The instructor did non listen to the parents & A ; she did non hear right what they said. It seems like there is a little communicating spread between the instructor & A ; the parents.

( You did non reference that the instructor was incorrect about Julian’s job. Equally good as being really unprepared for her meeting with parents. Not certain that I would name it a particular meeting? )

How can these jobs be rectified?

With a positive attitude from both parties. cooperation & A ; assurance the jobs can be rectified more efficaciously & amp ; profit the scholar.

The school can direct their instructors on preparation to back up them with parent engagement & A ; aid to scholars with barriers to larning.

What patterns of parental attitudes can you place? Where does mr. Williams suit in?

Mr Williams can be identified with the “quarrelsome” & A ; “angry” behavioral form. Mr Williams is set on reasoning with the instructor about her rawness & A ; that she is non making her occupation. He criticises the instruction system by mentioning to the White Paper on Education.

How would you see mr. Williams ‘ attitude?

An angry parental attitude

How would you react to his accusal that the instructor is still immature & amp ; inexperienced & A ; she does non cognize what it is like to hold a kid with a barrier?

I think that the accusal is unjust & A ; that parents & A ; instructors should back up each other to the best benefit of the scholar.

What barrier is Leonora sing? How do you cognize it? ( what manifestations? ) .

Behavioural jobs = unacceptable jobs can be due to emotional jobs or kid is copying friends/parents behavior.

In this instance. Leonara could be copying her male parents behaviour. as it is clear from the text that Mr Williams is a spot of an aggressive adult male. Alternatively. Leonara could be imitiating the one friend’s behavior. the one male child that she is cleaving to?

I like what you said about the eldest girl. But I don’t believe she suffers from beahviour as a barrier to larning. First. we should take her developmental phase into consideration. adolesence. early adolesence suffer from greater temper swings in a command of automony. I think from Pringle’s theoretical account – her demand is need for acknowledgment. I can conceive of how she must experience. being the “normal” sibling – the younger 1s get more attending because of their barriers. I think she needs parental recgonition.

If you analyze her behavior. what job countries can you place?

Leonara is:

– aggressive & A ; contending with other scholars

– lone wolf & A ; does non desire to blend

– merely cleaving to one male child

– cheeky

What unmet emotional demands that Pringle has identified does Leonora experience?

The demand:

– for love & A ; security

– for congratulations & A ; acknowledgment

– for a positive ego construct

– for sharing & A ; self-respect

– to belong

– for self-actualisation

How would the instructor trade with Leonora in category?

The instructor can utilize the undermentioned behavioral alteration techniques:

-Leonara’s positive behavior can be rewarded by doing usage of a star chart. as some scholars respond better to a seeable reinforcing stimulus

– Aggressive behavior can be stopped by doing usage of the “time-out” / backdown method. Take Leonara by the manus & A ; calmly lead her off to an isolation country & A ; briefly explain to her why she has been taken out from the group. Leave her alone ( under supervising ) without looking or speaking to her. When her clip is up. merely say that she can fall in the group once more.

The best technique will be the bar method. But this method can merely be used by instructors whose powers over observation is acute & A ; who are cognizant what behaviour leads to job behavior.

( I think look carefully at how you are replying figure 19. This scholar is 14 old ages of age. one don’t think a star chart etc are age appropriate for her. etc. I can merely conceive of what this adolescent would make in reaction to those schemes! ! !

She needs acknowledgment as an grownup. Find out what her strengths are. see the scholar. non the behavior. how can you do her feel included/belong. what responsibilities can you give her. what acknowledgment can you give her etc… )

How would the instructor steer the parents on understanding Leonora’s behavior?

The instructor can maintain an “incident log” in which she records the day of the month & A ; times
of Leonara’s job behavior. This manner the parents will be able to see how frequently & amp ; to what degree Leonara is playing up.

Which other function participants who are portion of the networking system in the community. could the instructor have consulted or referred the parent to for farther professional aid?

Members of the “district degree team” will be able to supply Leonara with professional aid. This can include function participants such as: Educational Psychologist ; Social Worker ; or/and school nurse.

22. In what manner can this professional individual specifically assist the parents & A ; the scholar? – function. maps etc …

EXAM GUIDELINES

Section B – For the Intermediate. Senior & A ; FET Phase pupils merely

Section B consists of inquiries 8. 9. 10 & A ; 11. You have to reply ALL four inquiries.

Question 8 comprises True/False inquiries & A ; it counts 30 Markss.

Questions 9 & A ; 10 each counts 25 Markss & A ; inquiry 11 counts 20 Markss.

Some of the inquiries have subdivisions. Sum of the scrutiny paper = 100 Markss.

You need NOT analyze Down’s syndrome ( bottom portion of subdivision 3 ) & A ; Autism ( subdivision 4 )

Fix yourself in this respect.

. 2. 2 Intermediate. Senior & A ; FET Phases Study Guide:

designation & A ; features of an damage.

description of an damage

account of support instructor can give to learner with this damage in schoolroom

Study Section D ( pg 142 & A ; onwards ) of the Study Guide.

Concentrate on Appendices A. B. C. D. E & A ; I.

Appendix I should be study together with Appendix O – Pringle’s Emotional Needs Model.

Read Appendices F. G. H. J. K. L & A ; M but no long inquiries on these subdivisions.

Appendixs N. O & A ; P are of import. NO Long Question FROM APPENDIX N Pg319

Read Study Unit 1 Section A ( p 2 & A ; onwards ) .

Study units 2 & A ; 3Study Section A ;

Section B Study unit 6:

Section C Study units 8. 9 & A ; 10.